The currant, a component of scented teas!
Gooseberry is a very healthy food for health, a short overview of this fruit very popular for hundreds of years!
The gooseberry, overview:
The gooseberry is the fruit of the currant bush, itself shrub of the family of Grossulariaceae, grouping more than 100 species of shrubs.
The currant is found on most continents but is believed to be native to eastern Asia and North America where it is grown for its fruit, but it is difficult to know and verify the accuracy of its provenance.
In France, cultivation began in the 12th century, where it was also used as a botanical decoration.
It is easy to cultivate since it is easily propagated by known methods of cuttings or sowing. Its size oscillates around a hundred centimeter, nevertheless it is not rare that it reaches one meter fifty at maturity which reaches after 3 to 5 years of life. Some specimens would even be two meters tall and would be over 25 years old.
Particularly resistant, it is found in the wild in different areas, whether in the forest or in the mountains. Nevertheless, it needs periods of cold, and is therefore less widespread, or nonexistent, in countries too hot.
The shrub does not have a peculiar smell, but the leaves and the fruits vary as much in their arrangement, their appearance, their colors, as their properties.
Currant, kinds, and benefits:
In Europe, we know and consume two types of gooseberries mainly, the red currant (which forms in clusters), and the gooseberry (bigger fruits and grow individually).
Whatever the type, gooseberry is harvested from the beginning to the end of the summer, by hand, to preserve the integrity of the fruit. We can hope to harvest up to 5kg of fruit per shrub!
There are three dominant colors for berries, bright reds, pinks, and whites.
Known as acid, gooseberry is often accompanied to compensate for its taste (with strawberries for example in our rooibos « baies colorées »).
Used in cooking or infusion, gooseberry brings several benefits very interesting for health.
It is a very balanced fruit, its contribution in fiber, magnesium, calcium, potassium, iron, vitamin C and beta carotene make it a complete fruit.
digestive, laxative and depurative, we know today more in detail its contributions.
First of all, it is interesting to note that currant is one of the least caloric fruits due to its very low sugar content.
In addition, we find according to the studies on 100 grams of fruit, approximately:
-7 grams of fiber, which is a very interesting value for this fruit, and what promotes the transit. For example, the apple contains only 2.4 grams, and 2.6 grams for bananas.
- 65mg of flavonoids, fighting the effects of aging.
-5 grams of carbohydrates
-1 gram of lipid
- 70mg of vitamin C, more than for orange or for spinach for example!
-0.5mg of Vitamin E
-0.5mg of Vitamin B3
-225mg Potassium, regulates the balance and the rate of acidity in the blood.
-40mg of Calcium
-1.2mg of iron
Finally, the gooseberry is composed of over 80% water, a good slimming ally!
More generally, gooseberry is used as detoxifier, antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory to fight against various words such as arthritis and various inflammations.
Currant, anecdotes and stories:
Some personalities of History highly appreciate the currant, sometimes more than one could imagine!
Thus, it is said that Alfred Hitchcock chose the hotels in which he moved, depending on the presence of redcurrant jam at breakfast!
Victor Hugo was also a big fan of this fruit, just like Winston Churchill!
From a culinary point of view, in France, the municipality of Bar-le-Duc has la confiture de Groseille his speciality. The very meticulous process (currant is seeded to the most goose), gives this jam the status of luxury product!
Legend around the currant bush:
In Iran, a tale attributes to the currant the birth of everything:
"At the creation of the universe, a gooseberry would be born. Subsequently he split in two. The god Ahuramamazda would then have put a soul on one, and their union, Maschia and Maschiâna, the first human beings, would be born."
A second legend says that by stripping the gooseberry the day before June 21, at noon, you will get two blooms in the same year!